Tidigmedeltida gravlagda i Polen visar sig härstamma från Skandinavien

Under utgrävning av ett större gravområde i polska Ciepłe mellan åren 2004-2014 påträffade arkeologer 4 kammargravar av skandinavisk stil daterade till 1000-talet e.kr. Innehållet i gravarna, som låg i centrum omringad av ett 60-tal enklare, bestod bland annat av vapen samt utförlig hästutrustning och indikerar att de gravlagda varit högt uppsatta personer. Nu har strontium isotopanalyser avslöjat att individerna härstammat från Skandinavien, mest sannolikt Danmark.

Enligt arkeologerna visar fyndet på att skandinaver innehaft höga sociala positioner i den polska så kallade Piast-statseliten, grundad av Boleslav I den djärve i slutet av 900-talet e.kr.

?? During excavation of a large cemetery in polish town Ciepłe between 2004-2014 archaeologists found 4 chamber burials of Scandinavian type dating to the 11th century AD. The contents of the graves, surrounded by 60 more plain ones, was composed of among other things weapons and equestrian (horse) equipment, indicating that the buried individuals used to be part of the social elite. Recent results from strontium isotop and genetic analysis have now revealed that the 4 buried individuals originated from Scandinavia, most likely Denmark.

According to archaeologists the find is evidence of Scandinavians holding high positions within the Piast elite, founded by Boleslaw I the Brave at the end of the 10th century AD.

Gravarna under utgrävning. ©️Z. Ratajczyk
Illustration av en sporre från en av gravarna. Teckning ©️K. Odya
Ett svärd av så kallat Z-typ påträffat i en av gravarna. ©️J. Szmit
Rekonstruktion av de skandinaviska kammargravarna. ©️K. Patalon

Källa/Source: Science in Poland

Cover image: ©️J. Szmit

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